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Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire. Circa 1740.

Though incomplete this is a very interesting and highly collectable Quaker made wall clock.

Stock No:   14158

The thirty hour duration posted (Birdcage) movement with its original Anchor Recoil escapement, countwheel striking on an iron bell and iron posts and plates.

Behind a 9" square brass dial with silvered chapter ring having Roman numerals, Fleur-de-Lys half hour markings and inner quarter hour ring with bulls-eye hour spots. Also having crudely cast acanthus style brass corner spandrels and a typical of its type, ringed centre with 'Wriggle work' engraving. The very thin brass dialplate has broken corners which is not unusual and it has a single iron hand with a tail of 'Heart and kidney's' style decoration.

As it stands, this clock is totally original but has several pieces missing which are:

Lifting piece
Striking Great wheel nut
Hammer and arbor
Hoop wheel and arbor
Warning wheel and arbor
Fan and arbor
Weight and counter weight
Pendulum

We offer this initially in 'as is' condition because of its collectable aspect and the desire by many people to leave historical artefacts as they are however, it is our eventual intention to conserve and sympathetically restore it so that it can be sold complete and in guaranteed working order.

Though unsigned (as many from this period are), this clock can only be attributed to Richard Gilkes or his father, Thomas but the former is more likely. This is because the North Oxfordshire Quaker makers had very individual styles from one family to another, this is absolutely typical almost to the tiniest detail of the Gilkes family.

* Richard Gilkes was born into a Quaker family in 1715. He was apprenticed to his father and began work by himself in Adderbury East in 1736. He and his wife had six children none of whom survived him. He died in 1787 aged 72 and was buried in the Quaker burial ground at West Adderbury. It is widely believed that he was the first to use 'Wrigglework' engraving and was very accurate at it (as this dial demonstrates). It could be applied by people who were not skilled in freehand engraving and so reduced the cost by not having to employ the services of a hand engraver. The numerals on the dials were crudely executed and the dots were performed with light drilling.

** 18th century North Oxfordshire clocks are a fascinating subject as is the Quaker movement of the time. Initially, Quakers were disliked and considered strange because of their appearance and disciplines. It wasn't long however that goods produced by them were sought and preferred because it became common knowledge that a Quaker would never cheat you. They produced goods that lasted and were economical to buy because fancy work and embellishments were rarely used also, iron was used instead of brass whenever possible (iron was approximately one tenth of the price of brass). The brass dialplate of this clock is exceptionally thin and the movement posts, plates and bell are iron.

*** It is believed that all of these Hoop and Spike wall clocks were sold without a case so that it would be fully functional until perhaps at a later date, a wooden case could be afforded. The movement would then be simply hung from the back board of the case as it would a wall - with a single fixing. Some movements were never intended to be encased so they were supplied with iron side doors and backing plate to keep the dust and grime out. The reason that so many of these clocks were unsigned is because by putting your name to something was Vanity - considered a mortal sin by Quakers. So much so, they did not even mark their tools so that they could be identified as theirs and when they died, the tools were passed on and the original owner's name would be lost in time forever.

Dimensions:                        Movement excluding bell 6 1/2" high x 4 1/2" deep x 6" wide.

Condition:                           Unrestored with parts missing.

Circa:                                  1740.

Price:                                   £1,750.00.

Investment forecast:           10  (please refer to our 'Buying for Investment' page for explanation).

Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
  • Hoop and spike wall clock. Attributed to Quaker Clockmaker Richard Gilkes of Adderbury, Oxfordshire.
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